01.01.2014 - 31.12.2014 | Russia
NRC “Kurchatov Institute” took an active part in events within the EU-Russia Year of Science. One of the highest priority and promising areas of cooperation between Russia and Europe is joint fundamental research at major international mega facilities. Therefore, one of the key sections of the International Programme of the Year of Science was devoted to development of Megascience, i.e. research at large facilities. These are extremely sophisticated facilities; just a few countries can afford to construct, finance and operate such facilities, and international cooperation is vital here.
© Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation
The 2nd International Conference on Research Infrastructure was held in Athens in April this year. It was attended by over 2000 people from different countries. Mikhail Rychev, special representative of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” for international projects, took part in the Conference on behalf of the NRC “Kurchatov Institute” and made a presentation on participation of the Centre in development of Megascience projects.
NRC “Kurchatov Institute” takes part in the implementation of relevant international projects in the European Union, and carries out scientific supervision of some of them, on behalf of the Russian Federation Government. Among these projects are the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL, Hamburg, Germany), the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN, Switzerland, France), the construction and operation of the European Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR, Darmstadt, Germany), the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER, Cadarache, France), and the Russian/Italian project for building an IGNITOR tokamak (IGNITOR, Russia).
Besides, the work is currently underway to establish an International Center for Neutron Research around the PIK reactor (PINP of NRC “Kurchatov Institute”, Gatchina). The project of the International Center for Neutron Research on the basis of the PIK High-flux Research Reactor focuses on fundamental and applied research in various areas of science and technology.
NRC “Kurchatov Institute” initiated and manages development of a project for building the fourth-generation dedicated synchrotron radiation source (DSRS-4) in Russia. The project is based on the Centre’s experience of building and operating the only dedicated synchrotron radiation source on the territory of the former USSR which, in particular, allowed Russia to fully join the International Community of Synchrotron Radiation Centers this year.
Ratification of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) Membership Agreement by the Russian Federation in Grenoble, France on June 23, 2014 became the central event of the Year of Science. According to the Order of the RF Government, NRC “Kurchatov Institute” shall represent Russia in the ESRF Council and act as a scientific supervisor for Russia’s participation in this project. By joining the ESRF, Russia gets direct access to all experimental facilities and intellectual property of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility.
Find out all about the Year of Science activities!